The simien mountain massif (225 sq.k.m) is a broad plateau, cut off to the north and west by an enormous single crag of over 60 kilometers long. The simien highlands constitute one of the major mountain massifs in Africa. The region includes many summits which are over 3,800 meters and culminates at the highest point in Ethiopia, Ras Dashen, which is 4,620 meters and the fourth highest mountain in Africa.
Fauna- within this spectacular splendor live the walia (S Abyssinian) ibex, semein red wolf and Gelada baboon- all endemic to Ethiopia- as well as the Hamadryads baboon, klipspringer and bushbuck. Birds such as the lammergeyer. The Altitude Ranges between 750-4,620 m above sea level and the Temperature ranges between 16-45 Degree C.